4 Months Pregnant: 12 to 15 Weeks Pregnancy
At 4 months pregnant, particularly 14 weeks after first day of the last menstrual period, most important body organs of the fetus have developed in shape. In addition, the placenta too is now almost fully formed. High risk period of miscarriage is over. It is now a period of stability. During 4 months pregnant, no more struggling from morning sickness and you will have strong appetites.
Note 1: Fetus of 15 weeks pregnancy. Fingers and toes start to grow.
Note 2: Uterus gets bigger. Protrusion of lower abdomen.
Memo of the month
Fetus size: about 16-18 cm
Fetus weight: about 110-120 grams
Uterus size: the size of a baby’s head
· Morning sickness starts to disappear
· Body gets warm, warmer than prior to conception
· Never miss the periodic examination
· Take a shower often
· At this time, only you can travel or make a house move
· Keep vagina clean as it may get infection easily due to low acidity
How fast did the baby grow?
Internal Organs get into Position
The fetus increases in weight rapidly. After 4 months pregnant or 15 weeks, various internal organs are almost full grown. The lung and heart previously situated around the neck are now lowered to the chest portion, and all internal organs are now in position. The heart beats powerfully, delivering blood to all corners of the body. Through the clear skin, red blood vessels could be seen circulating the entire body.
Possessing Human Form
The eyes, nose, chin and mouth are getting close to normal human appearance. Fetal hair starts to grow on the face, body and head. Muscle and bone as well as fingers and toes are developing at the same time. The lips may move slowly, getting ready for breast sucking after birth. Once you are 4 months pregnant the exact gender could be identified, or you can also try and search about the Chinese gender predictor.
More Active Fetal Movement
Amniotic fluid increases rapidly, egg membrane covering the fetus becomes highly flexible to enable free fetal movement. More refined activities occur to the fetus finger and toe, such as a light touch on the umbilical cord, or a light pat on the ankle. Besides, the baby is now able to stretch and yawn as well as frown. Fetus would perform abdominal and chest exercises through actions such as mouth opening for a deep breath. Your child may hiccup frequently after drinking amniotic fluid
The Brain is Well Developed, Responsive to External Stimulation
The brain is developed rapidly, completed at the end of fourth month. Baby’s head is of the size of a ping pong ball, fully filled with brain beneath the skull. Brain wrinkles has yet to form, a smooth shiny appearance could be seen. Though not yet completely developed, the brain now is able to response to external stimulation. The baby has basic feelings now. When being stimulated, various basic feelings such as like, dislike, uneasy, worry would appear.
Mommy’s Body Changes
Protrusion of Lower Abdomen
Uterus gets bigger, lower abdomen portion protruded in an obvious manner, and the protrusion could be felt by hand too. The uterus rises up to upper part of the pelvis, reducing pressure on the bladder. The uterus supporting ligament is being stretched longer, thus backache would be felt often.
Crisis of Miscarriage is Over
Development of placenta which supplies blood, oxygen and nutrients to the fetus is now completed. There is now an umbilical cord connecting mom and fetus, thus reducing the risk of miscarriage.
Morning Sickness gradually Disappear
Symptoms such as morning sickness and nausea feeling, which are signs of pregnancy, no longer appear, and your appetite becomes stronger. As there is little changes to your body, you start gaining weight. From now on, it is necessary to manage your body weight. Gum bleeding, constipation, anemia, etc. may occur. It is suggested to take anemia drug once you are 16 weeks pregnant.
Checkup for 4 Months Pregnant
The time has come to differentiate the fetus, head and body. The ear length measurement at this time could determine if the fetus is normal. The diagnosis of Anencephalus syndrome where there is entirely no development in brain and skull could be carried out
A test should be carried out to detect the existence of protein or sugar in the urine. If found positive during early pregnancy stage, there might be kidney disease prior pregnancy, and it is necessary to perform a comprehensive examination. In case protein is detected in urine during the latter stage of pregnancy, the chances of having pregnant toxemia disease is high.
Living Codes of the Month
· Less morning sickness, better appetite, gaining in body weight too. Pay attention in food balance and regulate body weight.
· Keep your back straighten to maintain an upright posture. A bad posture with expanded upper belly would increase waist burden causing backache.
· Take adequate amount of protein, minerals and vitamins. Maintain daily intake of meat, fish, beans and dairy products in regular amount. Emphasize on food quality but not quantity.
· Begins on simple freestanding exercises. Gaining body weight would cause you to feel fatigue easily, more clumsy and causing backache.
· Rich secretion of sweat and sebum would cause skin problems easily, so pay attention to skin cleansing. Vaginal secretion increases, so take shower and change underwear frequently.
Danger of miscarriage is now reduced. However, habitual abortion often happens during 4-5 months pregnancy. Those who have incompetent cervix shall be treated at this time.
Prenatal Care of the Month
Stay Cheerful all the Time
Now is the crucial period for rapid growth and maturity of cerebral cortex. Besides, baby body organs related to memory starts to build. It is the right time to start prenatal education. To maintain stability of the fetus emotion, speak to your baby often or perform forms of brain training. Read fairy tales or poetry aloud, and come into contact with nature. Try your best to provide positive emotional stimulation.
This is the time when the baby would have feelings of gladness, uneasiness, anger etc. The fetus emotion would be affected by the mom’s emotion. Therefore, mothers must try best to stay cheerful.
What Moms need to Know: Anemia in Pregnancy
Causes of Anemia in Pregnancy
During pregnancy, the amount of blood in mother’s body increases, as the fetus would absorb the iron contents of mother’s blood through the placenta, to make its own blood. When only the blood amount in mother body was increased, without increasing red blood cells, anemia would occur.
Lack of Concentration, Memory lapses, Vertiginous Symptoms
When anemia in pregnancy occurs, a mother would have symptoms such as memory losses and concentration lapses, feeling fatigue, dizzy, rapid heartbeat, cold hands and feet, headache, lacking of strength etc. Deficiency of blood causes instant dizziness when you stand up too fast or stood for a long time. When this happens, just sit down right away, lower your head between your ankles, and the dizziness would be gone.
Problems arise during Delivery
If anemia is not cured during pregnancy, various problems would be faced at childbirth. To some women, anemia causes fairly weak labor pains, prolonging the delivery time, and vacuum extraction or Caesarean delivery must be implemented. Besides, a bad uterine contraction after delivery might occur, causing second bleeding of the mother.
Not much effect to the Baby
As the fetus does not breathe by lung, even if the oxygen content is very low, it can go along well. Though the mother body is suffering due to severe deficiency of iron, the fetus keeps absorbing the required amount of iron.
Chalybeate intake for Prevention
Take a lot of iron-rich foods as well as chalybeate. The amount of iron needed until delivery is about 1,000 grams. Normally the amount could not be acquired through food alone. Vitamins would help in iron absorption; hence it is necessary to eat a lot of vegetables and fruits too.
And so, those are the information regarding being 4 months pregnant that will help a mother or a couple in knowing more about their baby, mother’s changes, and examinations needed and other details.